dwelling in tabernacles--tents: as strangers and sojourners do: moving from place to place, as having no fixed possession of their own. the king's commandment--to slay all the males ( Exodus 1:22 ). The Lord will make even Babylon fall before the faith of his people, and when he has some great thing to do for them, he raises up great and strong faith in them. Adam is passed over in silence here as to his faith, perhaps as being the first who fell and brought sin on us all; though it does not follow that he did not repent and believe the promise. "By faith, he who was (afterwards) called Abraham (father of nations, Genesis 17:5 , in order to become which was the design of God's bringing him out of Ur) obeyed (the command of God: to be understood in this reading), so as to go out," &c. which he should after receive--He had not fully received even this promise when he went out, for it was not explicitly given him till he had reached Canaan ( Genesis 12:1 Genesis 12:6 Genesis 12:7 ). Not merely once did God call himself their God, but He is NOW not ashamed to have Himself called so, they being alive and abiding with Him where He is. So the seven brothers, 2 Maccabees 7:9,11,14,29,36; and Eleazar, 2 Maccabees 6:21,28,30, "Though I might have been delivered from death, I endure these severe pains, being beaten." ALFORD translates, "greeted them." As uncircumcision was Egypt's reproach, so circumcision was the badge of Israel's expectation of Christ, which Moses especially cherished, and which the Gentiles reproached Israel on account of. Salem Media Group. righteousness which is by faith--Greek, "according to faith." They waited for His coming; we enjoy Him as having come ( Hebrews 1:1 , 2:3 ). It was God's appointment that gave it all its excellency as a sacrifice; if it had not been so, it would have been a presumptuous act of will-worship ( Colossians 2:23 ), and taking of a life which man had no right over before the flood ( Genesis 9:1-6 ). a 2 Because of it the ancients were well attested. It was in spite of the king's prohibition he left Egypt, not fearing the consequences which were likely to overtake him if he should be caught, after having, in defiance of the king, left Egypt. I prefer with BISHOP PEARSON, ESTIUS, and GREGORY OF NYSSA, understanding the figure to be the representation which the whole scene gave to Abraham of Christ in His death (typified by Isaac's offering in intention, and the ram's actual substitution answering to Christ's vicarious death), and in His resurrection (typified by Abraham's receiving him back alive from the jaws of death, compare 2 Corinthians 1:9 2 Corinthians 1:10 ); just as on the day of atonement the slain goat and the scapegoat together formed one joint rite representing Christ's death and resurrection. Micaiah, the son of Imlah, by Ahab ( 1 Kings 22:26 1 Kings 22:27 ). It was not any intrinsic merit in "the firstling of the flock" above "the fruit of the ground." In particular, this segment of the book of Hebrews focuses on those who heard from God, obeyed, and were blessed. EUSEBIUS [The Preparation of the Gospel, 1.10, and 4.16], has preserved a fragment of a Greek translation of Sanchoniatho, which mentions a mystical sacrifice of the Phoenicians, wherein a prince in royal robes was the offerer, and his only son was to be the victim: this evidently was a tradition derived from Abraham's offering, and handed down through Esau or Edom, Isaac's son. HUGO DE ST. VICTOR distinguished faith from hope. “By faith we understand that the … Above all, let them take care that they are not a shame and reproach to their God. Of whom the world was not worthy--So far from their being unworthy of living in the world, as their exile in deserts, &c., might seem to imply, "the world was not worthy of them." In this faith of Moses' parents there was a mixture of unbelief, but God was pleased to overlook it. had respect unto, &c.--Greek, "turning his eyes away from other considerations, he fixed them on the (eternal) recompense" ( Hebrews 11:39 Hebrews 11:40 ). By faith he was commended as righteous when God gave approval to his gifts. That she was not justified by her works appears plainly; because the work she did was faulty in the manner, and not perfectly good, therefore it could not be answerable to the perfect justice or righteousness of God. of Faith gives strength against the sinful, slavish fear of men; it sets God before the soul, shows the vanity of the creature, and that all must give way to the will and power of God. The reward is God Himself diligently "sought" and "walked with" in partial communion here, and to be fully enjoyed hereafter. Faith believes what it sees not; for if thou seest there is no faith; the Lord has gone away so as not to be seen: He is hidden that He may be believed; the yearning desire by faith after Him who is unseen is the preparation of a heavenly mansion for us; when He shall be seen it shall be given to us as the reward of faith [AUGUSTINE]. Noah is first called "righteous" in Genesis 6:9 . framed--"fitly formed and consolidated"; including the creation of the single parts and the harmonious organization of the whole, and the continual providence which maintains the whole throughout all ages. Faith is the means of understanding the origin of all that is (11:3). In quoting Daniel, he quotes a book claiming inspiration, and so tacitly sanctions that claim. Faith of the Ancients. heir--the consequence of sonship which flows from faith. And the same things that are the object of our hope, are the object of our faith. Hebrews 11:1(NASB) Verse Thoughts. Natural amiabilities and "works done before the grace of Christ are not pleasant to God, forasmuch as they spring not of faith in Jesus Christ; yea, rather, for that they are not done as God hath willed them to be done, we doubt not but they have the nature of sin" [Article XIII, Book of Common Prayer]. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. The writer of Second Maccabees expressly disclaims inspiration, which prevents our mistaking Paul's allusion here to it as if it sanctioned the Apocrypha as inspired. and--Greek, "but"; in contrast to those raised again to life. Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. So faith is confidence, hope, and assurance of what cannot be seen. MILTON says of the martyrs, "They shook the powers of darkness with the irresistible power of weakness." Though the grace of faith is of use always through our whole lives, it is especially so when we come to die. Faith has its reasons. Hebrews 11:1. International Children’s Bible Update. Compare Exodus 15:12 , "the earth swallowed them.". The world considers that the righteous are not worthy to live in the world, and God declares the world is not worthy of them. Hebrews 11:17-29 The Champions of Faith. Rather, "obtained the fulfilment of promises," which had been previously the object of their faith ( Joshua 21:45 , 1 Kings 8:56 ). Even an animal sacrifice, though of God's appointment, would not have been accepted, had it not been offered in faith. sawn asunder--as Isaiah was said to have been by Manasseh; but tempted--by their foes, in the midst of their tortures, to renounce their faith; the most bitter aggravation of them. assaying to do--Greek, "of which (Red Sea) the Egyptians having made experiment." (Comp. which . condemned the world--For since he believed and was saved, so might they have believed and been saved, so that their condemnation by God is by his case shown to be just. 30. Hebrews 11:1 answers and clarifies this misunderstanding. in the matter of," it, "or, as Greek more emphatically, "this." Not a full definition of faith in its whole nature, but a description of its great characteristics in relation to the subject of Paul's exhortation here, namely, to perseverance. What was faith in Israel, was presumption in the Egyptians. Gideon--put before Barak, not chronologically, but as being more celebrated. by the word of God--not here, the personal word (Greek, "logos," John 1:1 ) but the spoken word (Greek, "rhema"); though by the instrumentality of the personal word ( Hebrews 1:2 ). Palestine, from its hilly character, abounds in fissures and caves, affording shelter to the persecuted, as the fifty hid by Obadiah ( 1 Kings 18:4 1 Kings 18:13 ) and Elijah ( 1 Kings 19:8 1 Kings 19:13 ); and Mattathias and his sons (1 Maccabees 2:28,29); and Judas Maccabeus (2 Maccabees 5:27). The staff, too, was the emblem of his pilgrim state here on his way to his heavenly city ( Hebrews 11:13 Hebrews 11:14 ), wherein God had so wonderfully supported him. seek--Greek, "seek after"; implying the direction towards which their desires ever tend. In 1 Kings 1:47 , the same thing is said of David's "bowing on his bed," an act of adoring thanksgiving to God for God's favor to his son before death. Joseph was tried by temptations to sin, by persecution for keeping his integrity; and he was tried by honours and power in the court of Pharaoh, yet his faith carried him through. Now that Christ is come, they in soul share our blessedness, being "the spirits of the just made perfect" ( Hebrews 12:23 ); so ALFORD; however, Hebrews 9:12 shows that the blood of Christ, brought into the heavenly holy place by Him, first opened an entrance into heaven (compare John 3:13 ). And then the writer illustrates this in verse 3 when he says that "we understand by faith" that God created the world. This shows how believers, being warned of God to flee from the wrath to come, are moved with fear, take refuge in Christ, and become heirs of the righteousness of faith. Therefore God receives them out of it. Compare Note, "tasted . his only-begotten son--Compare Genesis 22:2 , "Take now thy son, thine only son." Few ever met with greater trials, few ever showed more lively faith, than David, and he has left a testimony as to the trials and acts of faith, in the book of Psalms, which has been, and ever will be, of great value to the people of God. 40. provided--with divine forethought from eternity (compare Genesis 22:8 Genesis 22:14 ). In condemning them, the world condemned itself. Worldly men hold fast the world; believers sit loose to it. Just as Samson for the same reason is put before Jephthæ. Acts 7:20 , "exceeding fair," Greek, "fair to God." dead, yet speaketh--His blood crying front the ground to God, shows how precious, because of his "faith," he was still in God's sight, even when dead. ALFORD explains, "Received him back, risen from that death which he had undergone in, under, the figure of the ram." Hebrews 11:4–16 gives examples of figures from the Old Testament who demonstrated faith in God and were blessed as a result. In this passage, the writer demonstrates that godly faith is really ''trust.'' The earlier elders had their patience exercised for a long period of life: those later, in sharper afflictions. the departing--"the exodus" ( Genesis 50:24 Genesis 50:25 ). Faith has a great work to do at last, to help the believer to die to the Lord, so as to honour him, by patience, hope, and joy. It is needful for persons to be seriously religious; to despise the world, when most capable of relishing and enjoying it. The oldest manuscripts and Vulgate read, "He that was called Abraham," his name being changed from Abram to Abraham, on the occasion of God's making with him and his seed a covenant sealed by circumcision, many years after his call out of Ur. Proud member So Enoch; this passage implies that he had not been favored with visible appearances of God, yet he believed in God's being, and in God's moral government, as the Rewarder of His diligent worshippers, in opposition to antediluvian skepticism. valiant in fight--Barak ( Judges 4:14 Judges 4:15 ). The Fathers, CHRYSOSTOM, &c., restricted the meaning of Hebrews 11:39 Hebrews 11:40 to this last truth, and I incline to this view. Faith of the Ancients. Faith was the ground of his pleasing God; and his pleasing God was the ground of his translation. Join "by faith" with "prepared an ark" ( 1 Peter 3:20 ). The pleasures of this world are for the most part the pleasures of sin; they are always so when we cannot enjoy them without deserting God and his people. It is a phrase of Luke, Paul's companion. Abraham did obtain the very thing promised ( Hebrews 6:15 ) in part, namely, blessedness in soul after death, by virtue of faith in Christ about to come. Not that God "tempts" to sin, but God "tempts" in the sense of proving or trying ( James 1:13-15 ). evidence--"demonstration": convincing proof to the believer: the soul thereby seeing what the eye cannot see. Their perfecting in soul at, and ever after Christ's death, took place, and takes place at their death. Faith is associated with hope (Hebrews 11:1), with righteousness (Hebrews 11:4), with holiness (Hebrews 11:5), with diligence (Hebrews 11:7), with trial (Hebrews 11:17), and with conflict (Hebrews 11:32-37). 7. warned of God--The same Greek, Hebrews 8:5 , "admonished of God." Besides, it is Moses' personal history and faith which are here described. This is why verse one tells us, “Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen.” The context for faith is a life in which things are hoped for but not yet seen or possessed. The apostle tells the Hebrews, that God had provided some better things for them, therefore they might be sure that he expected as good things from them. © 2021 Christianity.com. Or else, by those of their own household, as Job was [ESTIUS]; or by the fiery darts of Satan, as Jesus was in His last trials [GLASSIUS]. They all alike were content to wait for their good things hereafter ( Luke 16:25 ). sword--literally, "they died in the murder of the sword." But now. Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. he obtained witness--God by fire attesting His acceptance of him as "righteous by faith." It is a firm persuasion and expectation, that God will perform all he has promised to us in Christ. The world is not worthy of those scorned, persecuted saints, whom their persecutors reckon unworthy to live. And the Maccabees, the sons of Matthias, Judas, Jonathan, and Simon, who delivered the Jews from their cruel oppressor, Antiochus of Syria. What a difference between God's judgement of a saint, and man's judgment! By faith we have comfort of the promises; and by faith we are prepared to wait for the promises, and in due time to receive them. Hebrews 11:1 says, "Faith is the conviction - or better, the evidence - of things not seen." by it--by faith exhibited in his animal sacrifice. "The connection is, You, Hebrews, may far more easily exercise patience than Old Testament believers; for they had much longer to wait, and are still waiting until the elect are all gathered in; you, on the contrary, have not to wait for them" [ESTIUS]. by it--Greek, "in it": in respect to . Christ calls Abel so, Matthew 23:35 . Rahab showed her "faith" in her confession, Joshua 2:9 Joshua 2:11 , "I know that Jehovah hath given you the land; Jehovah your God, is God in heaven above, and in earth beneath." The interests and powers of kings and kingdoms, are often opposed to God and his people; but God can easily subdue all that set themselves against him. i. By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness … We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. armies--literally, "camps" referring to Judges 7:21 . Christ accounts himself reproached in their reproaches; and thus they become greater riches than the treasures of the richest empire in the world. This added to the difficulty in the way of his faith, that it was in Isaac's posterity the promises were to be fulfilled; how then could they be fulfilled if Isaac were sacrificed? True faith makes sin bitter to the soul, even while it receives the pardon and atonement. As far as His intention was concerned, he did sacrifice Isaac; and in actual fact "he offered him," as far as the presentation of him on the altar as an offering to God is concerned. Faith proves to the mind, the reality of things that cannot be seen by the bodily eye. Enoch was translated, or removed, that he should not see death; God took him into heaven, as Christ will do the saints who shall be alive at his second coming. So God proved to be to Enoch. David, the warrior king and prophet, forms the transition from warrior chiefs to the "prophets," of whom "Samuel" is mentioned as the first. The sacrifice seems to have been a holocaust, and the sign of the divine acceptance of it was probably the consumption of it by fire from heaven ( Genesis 15:17 ). Hebrews 11:30-35 By Faith They Overcame. Esteeming--Inasmuch as he esteemed. 34. They sank in the sands as much as in the waves of the Red Sea. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. (4-7) By Abraham and his descendants. Translate, "is eventually"; proves to be; literally, "becomes." "He acquiesced in the bare word of God where the thing itself was not apparent" [CALVIN]. Compare as to Noah's righteousness, Ezekiel 14:14 Ezekiel 14:20 , 2 Peter 2:5 , "a preacher of righteousness." "They received women of aliens by raising their dead." He had fled, not so much from fear of Pharaoh, as from a revulsion of feeling in finding God's people insensible to their high destiny, and from disappointment at not having been able to inspire them with those hopes for which he had sacrificed all his earthly prospects. the harlot--Her former life adds to the marvel of her repentance, faith, and preservation ( Matthew 21:31-32 ). Hebrews chapter 11 dives deeply into the writer's application of all the information given so far. Those who would find God, must seek him with all their heart. 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